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Czar Alexander II

Famous for:

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Being the Emperor of Russia


Czar Alexander II (1818-1881), the reformist-yet-autocratic leader of Russia, began instituting measures to improve the lives of his Jewish subjects, starting in the 1950s. Though small in practical effect they were symbolically significant, signaling a little bit more openness and freedom. His assassination in 1881, though not connected to the situation of the Jews, touched off a wave of repression against the Jewish community under the leadership of his son, Alexander III.